Almost 124 million Indians are affected due to sinusitis every year and have to go through the best sinusitis treatment in Delhi. Sinuses are pockets present behind the cheekbones, nose, forehead, and between the eyes. The sinus lining is responsible for building up mucus.
A mucus is a slimy fluid protecting the body by preventing germs and foreign particles from passing through the nasal cavity. The lining inflammation produces mucus excessively in the nasal passages. Thus, it can lead to viral and bacterial infection and blockages. So, it is necessary to know more about sinusitis and what are its symptoms and treatments.
What are the Different Types of Sinusitis?
The different types for which people have to undergo sinusitis treatment in Delhi are as follows.
- Acute Sinusitis
Whenever the common cold converts to viral infection and nasal passage inflammation, this condition is called acute sinusitis. The symptoms of this type last for 2 to 4 weeks. If the infection does not subside beyond this time, then you should go for sinusitis treatment in Delhi.
- Chronic Sinusitis
If the sinus infection continues for more than 3 months, it is chronic sinusitis. People with persistent allergies or structural nasal problems primarily face this problem.
- Sub-acute Sinusitis
If a sinus infection lasts for 4 weeks to 3 months, it is sub-acute sinusitis.
What are the causes of sinusitis?
The primary causes of sinusitis are allergic rhinitis, deviated septum, common cold, and nasal polyps.
What are the Sinusitis Symptoms?
People often get confused between sinusitis and the common cold, and there are few indistinguishable factors between them. If there is no improvement in the symptoms within 1 to 2 weeks, consult a reputed doctor for proper sinusitis treatment in Delhi. The doctor should also ensure that the disease has not aggravated. The common symptoms include:
- Blocked or runny nose
- Severe facial pain or headaches
- Persistent and continuous cough
- High fever
- Reduced olfactory nerve-sense
What are the Different types of sinusitis treatment in Delhi?
Doctors treat sinusitis based on the underlying infection cause and its seriousness in the following ways.
- Nasal sprays
Nasal decongestant sprays clear up the passages and make it hassle-free to drain the mucus out of the nose. Doctors recommend these types of sprays only for 5 to 7 days.
If seasonal allergy is the reason behind the sinusitis, then antihistamines only can resolve the problem. Antihistamines decrease the inflammation due to allergens and prevent any infection onset. Doctors also prescribe ibuprofen and paracetamol for alleviating symptoms like body or facial pain, headache, and fever.
Another way of sinusitis treatment in Delhi is through antibiotics. Since bacterial infection can also be the reason for sinusitis; antibiotics can give some relief to the patient.
If there are any structural deformities like nasal polyps and deviated septum, then the patient might have to go through any one of the following surgeries.
- Caldwell-Luc surgery
It is a rare surgery for rare sinusitis cases. In this surgery, the doctor creates a path between the maxillary sinus and the nose for easy mucus drainage. They cut through the premolar area of the upper jaw to enter the sinus cavity. Doctors recommend this surgery only if there is a growth in the sinus cavity that needs to be removed.
- Functional endoscopic sinus surgery
In this surgery, doctors enter an endoscope inside the nasal passageway and remove any blockages with the help of special surgical instruments. There are no scarring in this procedure. The patient might have to again go through this surgery if there is more growth, like a nasal polyp, in the future.
Summing it up
Most of the sinus infections last only for 2 weeks and then the symptoms reduce on their own. But if it persists for more than that, then it can be sinusitis. You should consult a doctor in this case and get proper sinusitis treatment in Delhi to prevent further spreading of the infection.